vim新手帮助文档

Submitted by dravenk on Sat, 02/25/2017 - 00:17

vim新手帮助——汉化指南

Vim中文文档及配置文件.vimrc说明

这是一份vim的指南的汉化文件 但首先你得有一个vim编辑器

sudo apt-get install vim vim-scripts vim-doc

你可以查看在线的中文指南 或者下载汉化文档可以在以下地址下载:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/vimcdoc/files/vimcdoc/

你也可以通过下面方式获得

wget https://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/vimcdoc/vimcdoc/vimcdoc-1.9.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf vimcdoc-1.9.0.tar.gz
cd vimcdoc-1.9.0/
sudo su  //这里是建议切换到root用户
./vimcdoc.sh -i  //使用root用户执行shell文件安装vim的中文文档,-i 参数会加载默认的插件

Vim本身的系统配置文件夹是在/usr/share/vim/和/etc/vim/两个文件夹下, 当前的用户的vim配置文件在~/.vim/vimrc, 下面一份配置文件

    " This line should not be removed as it ensures that various options are
    " properly set to work with the Vim-related packages available in Debian.
    " debian.vim

    " Uncomment the next line to make Vim more Vi-compatible
    " NOTE: debian.vim sets 'nocompatible'. Setting 'compatible' changes numerous
    " options, so any other options should be set AFTER setting 'compatible'.
    set nocompatible

    " Vim5 and later versions support syntax highlighting. Uncommenting the
    " following enables syntax highlighting by default.
    if has("syntax")
      syntax on            " 语法高亮
    endif
    colorscheme ron        " elflord ron peachpuff default 设置配色方案,vim自带的配色方案保存在/usr/share/vim/vim72/colors目录下

    " detect file type
    filetype on
    filetype plugin on

    " If using a dark background within the editing area and syntax highlighting
    " turn on this option as well
    set background=dark

    " Uncomment the following to have Vim jump to the last position when
    " reopening a file
    if has("autocmd")
      au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 1 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal! g'\"" | endif
      "have Vim load indentation rules and plugins according to the detected filetype
      filetype plugin indent on
    endif

    " The following are commented out as they cause vim to behave a lot
    " differently from regular Vi. They are highly recommended though.

    "set ignorecase        " 搜索模式里忽略大小写
    "set smartcase        " 如果搜索模式包含大写字符,不使用 'ignorecase' 选项。只有在输入搜索模式并且打开 'ignorecase' 选项时才会使用。
    set autowrite        " 自动把内容写回文件: 如果文件被修改过,在每个 :next、:rewind、:last、:first、:previous、:stop、:suspend、:tag、:!、:make、CTRL-] 和 CTRL-^命令时进行;用 :buffer、CTRL-O、CTRL-I、'{A-Z0-9} 或 `{A-Z0-9} 命令转到别的文件时亦然。
    set autoindent        " 设置自动对齐(缩进):即每行的缩进值与上一行相等;使用 noautoindent 取消设置
    "set smartindent        " 智能对齐方式
    set tabstop=4        " 设置制表符(tab键)的宽度
    set softtabstop=4     " 设置软制表符的宽度    
    set shiftwidth=4    " (自动) 缩进使用的4个空格
    set cindent            " 使用 C/C++ 语言的自动缩进方式
    set cinoptions={0,1s,t0,n-2,p2s,(03s,=.5s,>1s,=1s,:1s     "设置C/C++语言的具体缩进方式
    "set backspace=2    " 设置退格键可用
    set showmatch        " 设置匹配模式,显示匹配的括号
    set linebreak        " 整词换行
    set whichwrap=b,s,<,>,[,] " 光标从行首和行末时可以跳到另一行去
    "set hidden " Hide buffers when they are abandoned
    set mouse=a            " Enable mouse usage (all modes)    "使用鼠标
    set number            " Enable line number    "显示行号
    "set previewwindow    " 标识预览窗口
    set history=50        " set command history to 50    "历史记录50条


    "--状态行设置--
    set laststatus=2 " 总显示最后一个窗口的状态行;设为1则窗口数多于一个的时候显示最后一个窗口的状态行;0不显示最后一个窗口的状态行
    set ruler            " 标尺,用于显示光标位置的行号和列号,逗号分隔。每个窗口都有自己的标尺。如果窗口有状态行,标尺在那里显示。否则,它显示在屏幕的最后一行上。

    "--命令行设置--
    set showcmd            " 命令行显示输入的命令
    set showmode        " 命令行显示vim当前模式

    "--find setting--
    set incsearch        " 输入字符串就显示匹配点
    set hlsearch

>

>